Haikou Volcanic Cluster Global Geopark (Chinese: 雷琼世界地质公园), also known as Haikou Scenic-Shishan Volcano Cluster, Leiqiong Global Geopark, Haikou Crater Park, and Hainan Crater Park is a national park located approximately 15 km west of Haikou, Hainan, China. It is named for a crater, one of many extinct volcanoes on the island
Located in Shishan Town in the southwest of Haikou City, 15 kilometers from the downtown area, Leiqiong World Geopark is one of the few dormant volcano group World Geoparks in China and the only tropical island city volcano group World Geopark in China, which boasts great value and significance on scientific research, popularization of science, tourism and sightseeing. Covering an area of 379 square kilometers, Leiqiong World Geopark has been ranked in the list of Hainan’s Excellent Tourist Attraction, Top 10 Scenic Spot in Hainan, the national AAAA Scenic Spot and the national Geopark.
The volcanoes in the Geopark feature large quantity, diversity, complete preservation and typicality, which are rare and precious of this kind at home and abroad. Leiqiong Geopark is known as a natural expo park of quaternary volcanoes. The geological heritage in the park mainly includes the quaternary volcano clusters consisting of 40 volcanoes. It boasts complete volcano types which nearly contains all kinds of volcanoes of basaltic volcanic eruption and steam magma eruption, such as detrital cone, lava cone and mixed cone formed by magmata exhalation and rare and precious large-scale Maar volcano which are completely preserved.
Besides, various volcanic geological landscapes abound in the park, such as the lava stream of multifarious shapes, lava tubes and ecological community. There are over 30 lava tubes with abundant internal landscapes, among which, the longest one is over 2,000 meters. On the volcanic cone, volcanic crater and basalt plateau, there is ecological community containing more than 1,200 varieties of plants. In the Geopark, historic villages, ancient stone buildings, stone pinnacles and various production and living utensils are well preserved, which keeps a record of the cultural context of ancient human and stones, and it’s referred to as the classics of national volcanic culture.
In Ling Volcanic Vent Scenic Area, there are 4 volcanoes which constitute a perfect Holocene dormant volcano group. Entering into the area, you’ll feel as if you were in a basaltic stone world, an outdoor basaltic volcano museum of rich content.